Explain how does your baby’s brain development depend on the emotional security?

Explain how does your baby’s brain development depend on the emotional security?

Each baby is different and grows at its own pace. Even before birth, babies have a built-in expectation,  that adults will be available and will care for their needs. If babies’ expectations for nurturance, safety, and protection are met, their brains experience pleasure and delight. These pleasurable early interactions stimulate the brain and motivate the baby to relate to those, who care for them with confidence and ease.

Infancy is a crucial time for brain development. Brain development is to the maximum, during the first two years of life. During this period, the brain can capture and retain experiences more efficiently, than it will be able to at a later stage. The brain development of infants depends upon the bond or attachment with the parent or caregiver.

Practical and loving parenting skills are the building blocks of babies’ care and well-being. Babies’ brain grows through movement. If you introduce the right movement experiences like massage etc., in your baby’s day to day living from the early months, then it will have a positive influence on their brain growth. This can be disrupted if a baby’s parents or caregivers are neglectful. Lack of love may lead to long term mental health problems as well as reduced overall efficiency.

Early brain development of the baby is directly influenced by babies’ day-to-day interactions with their caregivers. It is the foundation of human adaptability. A baby’s early experiences form an imprint in the brain from relationships whether at home or in an early education environment, set the stage for future brain functioning. As the baby’s experience response from their caregivers, their brain starts to form expectations, for how they will be treated and how they should respond.

baby skills

The foundation of brain development is emotional and social development, grounded in caring relationships. If the caregivers are aware of how a child’s whole experience, particularly the emotional experience, influences brain development, then they can provide caring relationships that help the child feel secure.

These experiences have great potential to affect brain development, positive early experiences have a huge effect on children’s chances for achievement, success, and happiness. Children are especially vulnerable to negative influences during this age.

Young brains are like sponges i.e. they can an incredible amount of information from their environment. The presence of negative stimuli in a child’s environment can be damaging to a child’s development. Whether an event will have a positive or negative impact on the child will depend upon the level of stress that it introduces:

Positive Stress:

It is normal and even necessary. For example, a child may experience this kind of stress, before receiving a vaccine from a doctor.

Tolerable Stress: This kind of stress is tolerable for a child if he is supported by caring adults. For example, when there is a loss of a member of the family.

baby emotions

Toxic Stress: This kind of stress occurs when a child experiences extreme situations like financial hardship, violence, etc. Children who have support from the adults during such times are likely to develop a healthy response towards the stress, whereas the children who are not supported by adults, during such time develop a negative response which damages their health and development.

Children are different. However, they usually follow the same pattern of development. It is good if your child is developing normally in his unique way. But if your child is very different from other children and you are worried about your child’s development, then you should talk with a health professional about your concerns. If there is a problem, getting help and ideas early will help.

Positive Stress

Tolerable Stress

Toxic Stress

Each baby is different and grows at its own pace

Infancy is a crucial time for brain development.


Malathi A Ganesh is a B. Com Graduate, NTT, M.A (Lit), PGDEA (PG in Education Administration), PGDCA (PG Diploma in Computer Application), DTE (Diploma in Teaching English), ICEPT (International Certificate in Education Preschool Teaching) from Singapore and B. Ed. She has been in the field of education for the past 20 years and has an experience of running her own pre-school She is the Founder & Director Academics of Smartkidz Educare India Pvt Ltd with 275+ play schools Pan India. She is an Educationist and a Child Psychologists by profession who wants to fulfill her dream of giving Quality Education to children in their earlier years. She is also into conducting positive parenting workshops, which talks about effective child rearing. She has conducted numerous parenting workshops in all her pre schools, schools and MNC’s.

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