How the Language and Cognitive development of your 15 months old child be?
Language and cognitive development are very essential to understand the world around us. Our brains receive innumerable signals every second and cognition helps us understand all the information. Babies are no different from adults. At any given moment, so much is happening around them – the sound of adults talking, cars rushing past them, the smell of freshly cooked food and someone pinching their cheek.
Their senses are constantly in touch with the environment taking in new information and altering existing information. So much information can be overwhelming, but our brains are created in a way that they can handle this flow. As people grow older, their minds evolve.
Language and Cognition are very closely linked. Cognition refers to the understanding we have of the world. Thinking is a crucial part of cognition. It refers to their perception and comprehension of the world. Cognition is pretty much a covert process. Babies use language to express their thoughts. Their understanding of the world becomes apparent when they speak.
A 15-month-old baby may be able to follow simple instructions. Such as when you throw a ball and instruct them to bring it to you, they will toddle towards the ball and hand the ball to you. Besides, this will become a game for them as they will wait for you to throw it again.
It’s a good way to keep them busy and away from whatever mischief they would do otherwise. This also shows that there is a flow of instruction from the parent to the child and the child responds to. This is a very important skill. Their cognition processes developed enough for them to understand basic instructions.
Babies express themselves verbally as well. For example, at this age, they can pronounce the names of their family members. Instead of saying “dad” they may say “dada”. They may shorten a sibling’s name. They will outgrow the shortcuts once their language develops but currently the development is in the early stages. When they’re thirsty, they may point to their empty bottle and shake it.
They’re not able to differentiate between patterns. For example, if you point to a flower on your bedsheet and say “flower”, they don’t pay attention to the shape and believe that “flower” means any picture. When you change your sheets, they may glance at the new pattern and utter their variation of the word “flower” even if the pattern is not floral.
Imitation is important to a baby’s learning process. Children learn a lot by observing adults and trying to do the same. For example, if they see you drinking water from a glass, they may lift it to their mouths even if it is empty. When they see you uncap a bottle, they may try to do the same. Their motor skills are not developed enough so they will be unsuccessful.
They understand a lot about the world around them even if they don’t attach the right words to it. 15-month olds may respond with gesture and sounds. They are even prone to tantrums at this age if they can’t communicate with words.
To better understand your baby’s cognition, you must pay close attention to him. His overt behaviours and facial expressions help you understand what he’s thinking even if he doesn’t express himself through words. The verbal expression does take place, 15-month olds can easily say words like “mama”. As he grows older, this “mama” changes to “mom”. They also learn a great deal through imitation so you can use this in your favour to teach him simple things and appreciate them for the same.
• Babies are constantly receiving new sensory information. Cognition and language go hand in hand. A baby’s understanding of the world is best expressed through language. However, this language takes a long time to develop so they probably understand more than they can say.
• The best way to know their cognition level is by observing them. How they behave among people, in certain places and how they react to new events or information. Their facial expressions are also a good indicator of their thought process.
• Babies learn behaviour through observing and may imitate the same. For example, your 15 month old may watch you remove your shoes and try to free his own feet. In turn, he may see you talk on your phone and will lift the phone to his ear and start babbling.
• They can repeat names after making their own variations to it. As time passes, they start pronouncing the word correctly.