Social, Cognitive and Physical Development in a Child of Five Years
Five years marks a big transformation in the lives of children. This is the age when they step out of home into another organized environment. A lot of learning takes place in the first few years as children begin to learn basic concepts and also take part in physical activities such as exercises and games. Their minds are constantly engaging with the environment and absorbing new information. They can differentiate between themselves and their peers.
Children of five years also notice how people respond to their behaviour. Parents can breathe a little as their child steps out of the house for a few hours for the first time after being born. Congratulations, you made it this far and your burden will lessen (at least for a few hours)! However, you still need to pay attention to how your child is developing especially after stepping inside a school.
Social development refers to how children interact with the people around them and form relationships.
• Children start forming bonds outside the home. For the first time, their social reach widens and allows them to form relationships independently.
• They begin interacting with their peers and may pick friends. They may be more inclined towards interacting with certain classmates than others.
• Children become conscious of gender differences at this age. Girls are more likely to befriend girls and behave in a certain way and vice-versa.
• As children become more aware of their peers, they begin making comparisons. “My friend is taller than me.” They also compare their talents to those of their peers and become more competitive. This is a very sensitive stage of development as feelings of inferiority can surface upon failures.
• Children also realize that their school is different from their home and certain rules have to be followed. Such as waiting for the lunch break to eat and sitting in place while the teacher is teaching. Children also learn by observing their peers. They try to exercise control over their emotions as well.
• Their social skills develop, and their understanding of their social world widens.
Cognitive Development refers to the mental processes of decision making, problem-solving, reasoning, and other related decisions.
• Children can recall and remember more words. Their vocabulary widens by a great deal as they enter the learning environment.
• They can recite poems and songs. They often try repeating new words they learned at school at home. Positive reinforcement by parents encourages this behaviour.
• They begin understanding basic abstract concepts like the days of the week and time.
• They understand basic classroom instructions such as “Sit down, take out your book and open page four.”
• Their speaking also develops as they broaden their social circle.
Your child’s motor skills develop more as they can draw some basic shapes like triangles and squares. They are also better at balancing their feet and they skip, hop and jump with improved balance. The coordination between their body parts increases. If you observe your kid, you will notice that their arm and leg movement is more controlled. This could also be a result of the exercise drills in school.
Schools offer various physical activities and games to children which improves coordination. Children may try experimenting on one foot – hop on one foot, or balance on one foot for a short amount of time. As their movements become more coordinated, they try more complex activities such as swimming or riding a bike.
Because they have mastered jumping, introducing them to a skipping rope is a good idea. Children may even show off simple dance moves they were taught in school. They may be able to throw a ball at a comfortable distance. If you want to improve their aim, practicing with a ball in your backyard can help. Make your kids chase the ball instead of chasing them!
Children become more active thanks to the exposure at school and may urge parents and peers alike to participate in various physical games with them.
School plays an important role in the cognitive, social and physical development of children. There is a noticeable advancement in a child’s vocabulary and your child may also become more expressive. They may not only feel the need but also the desire to make friends. Parents should encourage their children instead of restricting them while keeping a watchful eye on them.
• Children move on to more complex physical activities such as swimming and riding bikes
• They are also able to draw and colour basic shapes.
• Social development is marked by being more interactive with their peers and selectively picking friends.
• School is a platform for the advancement of their cognitive, social and physical abilities.