Social, Cognitive and Physical Development in a Child of Four Years
At four years, your child is big enough to make some decisions like pick her clothes but still a little young to be going to school. They have just one more year of freedom left before you subject them to seventeen years of education. Parents usually begin preparing their kids for school during this period. They slowly start introducing them to the concepts of colours, numbers, and alphabets to keep their kid’s mind busy.
Social Development refers to how children incorporate social values and interact with the people around them. Family, friends, neighbours, classmates, and teachers are a part of a child’s social environment.
Children begin to display patience as they are ready to wait for their turn in games even if they don’t want to. They also become more sensitive to other people’s emotions and feelings. Sometimes they may not cooperate and be hurtful towards others. Children usually start picking favourites – such as favourite games, favourite friends and favorite family members. They may become louder and more expressive of their needs, wants and desires.
Sometimes children throw temper tantrums when they do not get what they want. They may get upset or angry when you refuse to buy them that expensive toy they saw at the pretty normal store.
Children may play make-believe games to amuse themselves and the people around them. Sometimes they fail to understand that their favourite cartoon character is not real. Sometimes you may hear your child talk about an imaginary friend which is pretty normal especially if they lack friends.
Children may even separate from their parents for limited periods of time. However, they may feel anxious after that time period. This doesn’t mean that they can stay completely alone but with other trusted individuals. One important thing to note here is that how long a child can stay without his parents differs from person to person.
Cognitive Development advances at this age as children are nearing their school age. They acquire the very basic knowledge about the things around them. They may learn either through observation or by imitating the people around them.
• They can correctly identify most colours. If you point towards an object and ask them which colour it is, they will gladly answer. They may even pick a favourite colour at this age.
• They can recite simple rhymes.
• This is also the age when they first start picking up crayons and drawing the world around them. They may draw stick figures of people or basic drawings of objects such as the sun.
• Their memory improves even more as they can recall and recite numbers up to five. However, they are far from doing the math.
• They may identify familiar objects and activities
• Parents often introduce their children to the A-B-C song at this age, so children may catch on to some of the letters.
• They may shift from very simple sentences to not only understanding relatively complex sentences but also speaking them.
Kids usually have a habit of making their parents chase them around the house from the young age of one. As they grow older, this doesn’t go away as they begin experimenting more and more. If there is something kids love it is active play. They don’t usually sit still as there’s so much they can explore, and they would rather do it on their feet and keep you on your feet!
At the mere age of four years, kids can perform some basic tasks such as climb up and down the stairs. Some children may do this repeatedly for no apparent reason other than the fact that it gives them a thrill.
Not only do they begin picking out clothes from their wardrobe but also dress own their own. They need help with their buttons and shoelaces as their hold on objects is still developing.
If you’re tired of chasing your kid around the house, then installing a swing could help. Children slowly learn to swing independently though they still prefer an extra push from behind now and then. Another strategy to keep your child confined to one room is by giving them a ball. They can throw and catch a ball over short distances.
Children may start tiptoeing, hopping and jumping to entertain themselves. It’s important to keep an eye on them so they don’t hurt themselves.
Children become more coordinated in their movements. Their understanding of social settings deepens as well but is a long way from fully developed. As a parent, you can expose your child to more experiences to prepare them for school. Some kids may feel anxious but with proper support and guidance, their fear can lessen.
• Cognitive development is marked by identifying some colours and numbers.
• A child’s balance increases remarkably.
• Children may begin cooperating in social settings however they can still throw tantrums.
• These milestones prepare them for the school environment where they will spend the next fourteen years of their lives.