What are the Language and speech disorders in children?

What are the Language and speech disorders in children?

All kids learn a language in the same way, however not always simultaneously. A few children talk early and understand all that you say. Others don’t talk much or experience difficulty in talking. Youngsters can have speech or language issues before they even begin school.

Some kids struggle with understanding and talking, and they need some help. They may not accomplish language achievements along with other kids, and it might be an indication of a language or speech delay or difficulty.

Language Disorder:

Language issue can be characterized in three different ways: Expressive Language Disorder (ELD), Receptive Language Disorder (RLD) or Expressive-Receptive Language Disorder (ERLD).

Kids with Expressive Language Disorder don’t have issues pronouncing sounds or words, however, have a problem to find the right words and frame appropriate sentences. Kids with Receptive Language Disorder experience issues understanding spoken and written the language. Lastly, children with Expressive-Receptive Language Disorder will have two types of language defects.

Language Disorder

Grammar is hard for them to understand and they may not know the utilization of articles like (a, the), prepositions (of, with) and plurals. An early symptom is a delay in the beginning periods of language development. So if your youngster takes more time to express words or beginning to babble, it tends to be an indication of ELD.

Youngsters with Receptive Language disorder may act like they are disregarding you or simply repeat words that you say; this is known as “Echolalia.” Even when repeating the words you state, they may not get it.

An example of this is if you say, “Would you like to go to the playground?” and they react with the same phrase being repeated and don’t respond to the actual question. They may not get you or that you questioning something.

Youngsters with Expressive-Receptive Language Disorder can have a blend of these indications.

Speech Disorder:

• The trouble with forming particular words or sounds effectively.
• Trouble to speak out words or sentences easily in a flow, such as stuttering or stammering.
A kid may face any of the possible speech disorder and the types that may prevail could be one of the following:

Articulation Disorder

Articulation Disorder:

An articulation issue is a speech sound issue in which a kid experiences issues making certain sounds accurately. Sounds might be omitted or inappropriately changed throughout the speech.

A kid may substitute sounds like (“wabbit” rather than “rabbit”) or add sounds improperly to words. Young kids will commonly show sound issues as they still figure out how to talk, however, they are supposed to “grow out of it” by a particular age.

Apraxia of Speech:

Apraxia of Speech is a communication issue influencing the motor programming framework for sound generation. Here, the individual may completely know what he/she wants to say, although there is an interruption in a part of the brain that sends the sign to the muscle for the movement of muscle that is necessary to create that sound.

Fragile X Syndrome (FXS):

Fragile X Syndrome (FXS) is an acquired hereditary problem that is the most recognized cause for acquired intellectual inabilities in young boys as well as autism (about 30% of kids with FXS will have mental imbalance). It additionally influences young girls, however, their side effects will, in general, be milder.

If a kid got a pre-mutated X chromosome from one of his parents (as a carrier), at that point he is at more serious risk of having FXS. Diagnosing Fragile X Syndrome isn’t simple for guardians and specialists toward the beginning of a youngster’s life. However, a few signs will be noticeable in the first 9 months.


Stuttering happens when speech is disrupted by involuntary disruptions, dragging out of sounds and hesitation or pause before discourse. Stuttering can be developmental, which means it starts during the early speech or procured because of brain injury. Nobody knows the actual reason for stammering in a kid. It is considered to have a hereditary reason, yet the immediate connection to it has not yet been found.

No kid is equal to another kid and you will always be able to understand your child better. In case, your child has a speech or language disorder, consult a specialist. As a pre-schooler, your child may take little more time in certain cases and you need not worry. But always be sure and deal with the situation with a lot of patience.


1. Some kids take longer time to learn words and may have a language or speech disorder.
2. A language disorder is of 3 types and is mostly refers to difficulty in understanding or speaking a part of the language.
3. A speech disorder is the one where the child finds it difficult to pronounce words correctly.

What are the Language and speech disorders in children

Language Disorder

Speech Disorder

Articulation Disorder

Apraxia of Speech

Fragile X Syndrome (FXS)



Malathi A Ganesh is a B. Com Graduate, NTT, M.A (Lit), PGDEA (PG in Education Administration), PGDCA (PG Diploma in Computer Application), DTE (Diploma in Teaching English), ICEPT (International Certificate in Education Preschool Teaching) from Singapore and B. Ed. She has been in the field of education for the past 20 years and has an experience of running her own pre-school She is the Founder & Director Academics of Smartkidz Educare India Pvt Ltd with 275+ play schools Pan India. She is an Educationist and a Child Psychologists by profession who wants to fulfill her dream of giving Quality Education to children in their earlier years. She is also into conducting positive parenting workshops, which talks about effective child rearing. She has conducted numerous parenting workshops in all her pre schools, schools and MNC’s.

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