How would the language and cognitive development of a child of 18 months be?

How would the language and cognitive development of a child of 18 months be?

Cognitive development refers to the thinking process of a person. Cognition is a very complex process and is essential to the overall development of an individual. Cognition primarily concerns the brain and dictates how a person interacts with his or her environment. From birth to death, people of all ages are always expected to show some reactions, have some beliefs or make decisions. Such processes form the cognition of a person.

People can communicate their thoughts either verbally or non-verbally. Language refers to the verbal expression of one’s thoughts and influences how any person communicates with another individual. Hence, language development is also a necessary part of development.

Babies experience a lot of changes when it comes to both language and cognition. Every day they are exposed to new situations or people which help sharpen their minds and equip them with the knowledge to interact with others.

18 months old are marked by excessive verbal interaction between you and your baby. They can now understand and express themselves with more ease. There’s a noticeable difference in their vocabulary. For example, their pronunciation improves and they’re able to recall and recognize more objects.

toddler playing

They remember common household objects like a bed, telephone, and plate. Most of their understanding comes from observation and it is through this observation that they know what an object is used for. They might climb on their bed and pretend to sleep.

Non-verbal communication is a great indicator of their mood and thought patterns. They might simply point to their empty water cup and shake it to get the mother’s attention. You’ll realize that your baby is thirsty. Not only are they able to communicate to you that they are thirsty, but you also learn that they understand the use of their cup.

Kids at these ages reply to yes or no questions very easily. These two are their favourite words. “Do you want to sleep?” A shake of the head accompanied by the word “No.” answers your question. Sometimes they may begin chanting this word. They also start understanding when they need a nappy change. They may simply touch their nappy or say the word verbally to bring it to your attention.

language development

Because they’ve understood the very basics of interaction, you can go one step ahead by teaching them other things. For example: If they’re familiar with their body parts, it’ll be easier for them to tell you, where they got hurt. This is not only useful for you but also a great learning experience for them.

You can even buy your little one a doll and show the different body parts. Point towards the barbie’s nose and say the word “Nose.” Then touch your baby’s nose and repeat the same word. Wait for them to imitate you. This will also keep their minds occupied for some time.

The way your child reacts to their environment indicates their cognitive development. How does she react when people approach her? Is she passive? Does she reciprocate your affections? Normally, kids respond enthusiastically to display, affection. They even initiate a kiss and a hug. These signs indicate their understanding of their immediate family and how they feel about other human beings.


Children develop at different rates so some might have surpassed these steps at an early age while others will take more time. If you believe that your child is lagging behind, then visit a professional for an expert opinion. Children are curious by nature, and you can bend their curiosity in your favour. It’s only going to help you in the long run when they finally head to school in a few years.

Children interact excessively with people and their environment. The list of objects and people they can recognise and recall keeps increasing. They show their understanding, not through words but actions.

• Kids understand more than they can verbalize. However, they can answer simple yes or no questions with ease.

• Learning doesn’t begin at school; it begins at home. You can try showing them different parts of the body with the help of a song or a doll or a teddy bear.
• Children usually begin initiating affectionate contacts such as a kiss and a hug. This gives you an idea of their understanding of the person at the receiving end.

cognitive development

language development

How would the language and cognitive development of a child of 18 months be


Malathi A Ganesh is a B. Com Graduate, NTT, M.A (Lit), PGDEA (PG in Education Administration), PGDCA (PG Diploma in Computer Application), DTE (Diploma in Teaching English), ICEPT (International Certificate in Education Preschool Teaching) from Singapore and B. Ed. She has been in the field of education for the past 20 years and has an experience of running her own pre-school She is the Founder & Director Academics of Smartkidz Educare India Pvt Ltd with 275+ play schools Pan India. She is an Educationist and a Child Psychologists by profession who wants to fulfill her dream of giving Quality Education to children in their earlier years. She is also into conducting positive parenting workshops, which talks about effective child rearing. She has conducted numerous parenting workshops in all her pre schools, schools and MNC’s.

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