How would the language and cognitive development of a child of 19 to 24 months be?
By the time your kid hits the two-year age mark, he is well versed with the basic words and phrases. Their language and thinking have evolved a great deal. You can now switch from three-word sentences to more complex ones. For example, you don’t have to break your sentence into parts for their understanding.
They’re able to follow ten-word sentences and respond to you effectively. For example, if you say, “Pick up your toy and put it in the basket.” Even if they don’t perform the task, they understand what you’re telling them. In turn, putting toys in the basket and emptying might become a game for them.
Kids also immerse themselves in pretend play. Some toddlers might imitate their older siblings and pretend to go to school while clutching a bag in their hands. Though they don’t understand what a “school” is, they do realize that it’s a place where their older siblings go.
When you show your baby a picture of your family, they can recognise the members with ease. To test their knowledge on something you taught them earlier, simply ask them questions like “Where is your nose?” and they will point to their nose or your nose.
You can also switch to using pronouns instead of repeatedly using a name. Pronouns are an indispensable part of speech and once you start using them, your baby will follow your lead. You can simply point to yourself and say “I” and point to your toddler and say “You” before including the words in your sentences.
A good way to develop their language skills is by setting up play dates where they meet others of their kind. This also prepares them for when they have to head to school and interact with peers daily. The more they indulge in pretend play, the more active their brain remains.
From such a young age too, they encounter instances where they need to make simple decisions such as picking a favourite toy or choosing one candy when presented with many flavours. Decision making is an integral part of cognition and it contributes to overall cognitive development.
There is no kid who doesn’t love bedtime stories. Now, that your baby is beginning to understand longer sentences, you can start narrating simple stories. You can use actions and sounds to make it a more memorable experience. This not only engages their brain but also gives them much-needed exposure. If the story involves animals, you can use gestures or make animal sounds.
Babies also begin understanding words such as “tomorrow”, “today” and “later”. They become used to the idea of time. When they tell you that they want to go out for a walk, but you’re busy at that moment, instead of saying “No”, you can say “We’ll go later”. They are at an age where they understand that you will go out for a walk, but not at that particular moment.
At twenty months, almost half of their speech becomes comprehensible. There’s a noticeable shift in the way they pronounce words. However, some children might still not be clear with their dialogue. The pace at which they absorb new information also increases with them learning more and more words every day.
In the next few months, they start taking more initiative when it comes to their belongings. They may arrange their toys in a specific order and start undressing. Unbuttoning a shirt is trickier, but they have no problem kicking off their shoes and removing their socks. They might even begin to enjoy such actions and do it on purpose which can be tiring for any parent.
By the beginning of their second year, they’re able to identify several animals, objects and places. They remember their favourite aunt’s place and verbally express their desire to go there. He is beginning to voice his understanding of things, which was previously vague or unclear. To encourage his imagination, you can take him to the zoo or the museum. Your kid is now at a stage where he becomes a more active participant in his own affairs. He may select his own clothes, toys and bedtime stories. By creating situations where your child makes choices, you contribute to this development.
• Significant changes are observed in the language and cognition of your baby at the age of two years. Some of them include their ability to understand slightly complex sentences and following instructions.
• Kids engage more and more in pretend play. This keeps their brain engaged and allows them to have an active imagination. They’re able to put themselves in someone else’s shoes.
• Babies also love listening to stories. These stories are rich with new words and with time, they’re able to absorb this information. They get an understanding of the concept of time and become familiar with words such as, “today” and “tomorrow”
• The more the situations and people they get exposed to, the more they think and the more they learn. They can witness animals from their favourite story come to life when you take them to the zoo.